Mali, 27-28 April 2010

Agriculture, Food Security and Rural Development
for Growth and Poverty Reduction

Background and Objectives


To facilitate the sharing of experiences and promote learning on growth and poverty reduction, the China-DAC Study Group has been established by the International Poverty Reduction Centre in China (IPRCC) and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development’s Development Assistance Committee (OECD-DAC), and supported by many bilateral and multilateral development agencies. The Study Group is focusing its work on two themes:

---China’s experience of growth and poverty reduction, including the contribution of international assistance, and its relevance for other developing countries, particularly in Africa.

---China’s economic co-operation with Africa and its impact on poverty reduction.
The objective of the Study Group is to provide an international platform for exchanging views among a range of stakeholders and distilling lessons learnt, thus enhancing capacity to meet some of the new challenges of global development. The Study Group is taking an events-driven approach in order to involve a larger number of stakeholders in its activities.

Through a series of evidence-based policy dialogue events, the Study Group is looking at four issues that reflect the needs in many African countries today: a) development partnerships, b) agriculture, food security and rural development, c) infrastructure and d) the enabling environment for enterprise development.

The Study Group’s first event on “Development Partnerships for Growth and Poverty Reduction” took place in Beijing in October 2009. This second event will focus on the role of agriculture, food security and rural development in promoting growth and reducing poverty. More specifically, the event will:

• Bring forth the course, strategies, achievements and challenges of China and African countries in agricultural, food security and rural development and explore the relevance and implications with each other;

• Highlight the significant role of agriculture, food security and rural development in economic growth and poverty reduction of China and African countries;

• Analyse the impacts of international trade, foreign investment and development assistance on agricultural growth and rural development in China and African countries;

• Examine the increasing role of China’s engagement in Africa’s agricultural development, its potential impact on Africa’s poverty reduction, and the lessons international donors have gained in this field.


I. Program Overview


April 26, 2010  09:00 – 21:00   Registration


April 27, 2010  

08:30 – 9:50   Opening Ceremony

10:20 – 18:00  Session 1  “Agriculture, food security and rural development: Their contribution to China’s Growth and Poverty Reduction”

April 28, 2010  

09:00 – 17:15   Session 2  “Supporting agriculture, food security and rural development in Africa and increasing their impact on sustainable growth and poverty reduction”

17:15 – 18:00    Closing Ceremony



II. Detailed Programme

April 27, 2010 (Day 1)
Venue: Hotel L’Amitie, Bamako, Mali

Opening Ceremony Chair: Mr. Alassane AG AGATHANE, Malian Minister of Agriculture


08:30-09:00  Welcome Remarks
1.Mr. Zheng Wenkai, (EN and CN)(FR) Deputy Director, The State Council Leading Group Office of Poverty Alleviation and Development, China
2. Mr. Zhang Guoqing, Chinese Ambassador to Mali
3. Mr. Richard Carey, Co-Chair, China-DAC Study Group, OECD
--Aims of the DAC-China Study Group
--Objectives of this second event
4. H.E.Mr. Modibo SIDIBE Prime Minister of the Republic of Mali : Opening speech

09:00-09:40  Chinese and African Perspectives on Agricultural and Rural Development : An Overview
1. China’s Agriculture, Food Security and Rural Development: Key Policies and Strategies towards Growth and Poverty Reduction:
Speaker: Mr. Duan Yingbi,(EN) & (FR) President of China Foundation for Poverty Alleviation (Vice Minister level)
2. Fostering Agricultural and Rural Development in Africa: Challenges, Opportunities, and Implications for Donors’ Assistance
Speaker: Mr.Josué Dioné, (EN) Director, Food Security and Sustainable Development Division, UN Economic Commission of Africa (UNECA)

09:40 - 10:20 Group Photo, Tea & Coffee

Session 1:Agriculture, food security and rural development: Their contribution to China’s growth and poverty reduction


China’s agricultural and rural development over the last 30 years has fuelled its economic development and contributed to the most rapid reduction in income poverty in human history. Using the new international poverty line of $1.25/day (in 2005 PPP), it is estimated that in the 24 years after 1981 over 517 million people in China were lifted out of poverty and the proportion of the population living in income poverty fell from 84% to 16% (Chen and Ravallion 2008). By increasing agricultural productivity, China has also increased its food security and now uses less than 10% of the world’s arable land to feed more than 20% of the world’s population (Huang Jikun, 2008). In China, the possession of food crops per capita increased from 285Kg in 1978 to around 400Kg in 2008 (Li Xiaoyun et al, 2009).

Many factors have contributed to the successful agricultural and rural development in China. The key elements were land reform (from a collective system to an individual household-based responsibility contract system), agro-market reform, technological innovation, effective agricultural policies and increased investment. Agricultural development also played remarkable roles on China’s rapid industrialisation and urbanisation. Both surplus labour and capital from the agricultural sector soon became the major sources of industrial transformation in the form of rural enterprise development and, subsequently, large scale urbanisation and industrialisation, which has absorbed more 400 million people from rural areas during China’s highest population growth era. It needs to note that such rapid development in agriculture in China has also had serious of social and environment consequences that China now faces.

Most African countries have realised the importance of agricultural and rural development forpromoting growth and poverty reduction. Most people in Africa are still farmers but Africa is unable to feed itself, which is related not only to inadequate investment and supply issues in agriculture but also broader development issues, national and regional. The number of chronically undernourished people has risen from 173 million in 1990-92 to some 200 million in 1997-99. Of these, 194 million (34% of the population) are in sub-Saharan Africa (NEPAD, 2002). Given this context, China’s achievements and experiences of agricultural and rural development have increasingly drawn attention from African countries. It is consequently natural to ask how China has achieved the results it has, what the contribution of international assistance was and the extent to which China’s experiences can be shared with African countries.

Day 1 of the workshop shall facilitate a discussion about how agricultural and rural development have taken place in China, how this development has made a contribution to China’s growth and poverty reduction, paying particular attention to the experinences and lessons for Africacountries. The session shall:

• Clarify China’s strategy and policies in achieving agricultural and rural development for the country’s growth and poverty reduction.
• Provide an overview of the causes of this successful agricultural and rural developmnet over last 30 years, draw special attention to the major elements that have contributed to this acheivement and identify the contribution of international assistance, and also to draw the lessons from these processes.
• Examine the relevance and implications of this progress to other developing countries particularly in Africa. Particularly useful would be analysis on China’s approach in achieving
food security: the “how” and “what”.


10:20-10:25  Chair: Dr. Huang Chengwei, Deputy Director General, International Poverty Reduction Centre in China
Moderator: Dr. Lichia Saner-Yiu, CSend, Switzerland
Introduction on Session 1 on China: Objective and Content
Introductory statement by: Dr. Robert Haas, Head of East Asia Division, Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development, Germany

10:25-11:10  Keynote Presentations
1. Agricultural and Rural Development and Poverty Reduction in China: Key Experiences and Lessons for Africa
Speaker: Prof. Li Xiaoyun, (EN) & (FR) Director of China-DAC Study Group and Dean of College of Humanities and Development, China Agricultural University
2. Agriculture Development in the ECOWAS, and the Relevance of China’s Approach for this Sub-region
Speaker: Mr. Salifou TRAORE, Counselor to the ECOWAS Commissioner for Agriculture, Environment and Water Resources, ECOWAS Commission
3. The Relevance and Implications of China’s Agricultural Growth and Rural Development for Africa:
Speaker: Dr. Fan Shenggen, (EN) & (FR) Director General, IFPRI 
 
11:10-11:30  Comments and Discussions
Commentators:
1.Mr. Youhou Raymond Sibailly, Advisor on issues of Investment and Integration, President Office, Cote d’Ivoire
2. Dr. Dirk Betke, Director of Program (PACT), GTZ Mali 
 
 
11:30-12:50  Open Discussion (Interactions with Speakers and Discussants) 
 
12:50- 14:00: Lunch

14:00-16:00 Parallel Workshops: China’s agricultural development and poverty reduction including the contribution of international assistance

14:00-14:10  Parallel Workshop (Plenary)
Introduction: Objectives of the parallel workshops
Speaker: Ms Jennifer Adams, Development Counsellor, USAID-China 
 
14:10-16:00  Workshop 1: Policies and their implementation
Moderator: Prof. He Wenping, Director of African Studies, Institute of West Asian and African Studies, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences
Rapporteur: Mr. Michael Laird, Senior Policy Analyst, OECD


14:10-14:55  Presentations
1. China’s Agricultural Policies: Process and Implementation
Speaker: Dr. Tang Min, (EN) & (FR) Deputy Secretary General, China Development Research Foundation (CDRF)
2. Key Strategies and Policies for China’s Agricultural and rural development : Land reform, township enterprises, migration labour and market development
Speaker: Prof. Zhong Funing, (EN) & (FR) Nanjing Agricultural University
3. China’s experience on Water Resource Management and Rural Development
Speaker: Prof. Shen Dajun, (EN) &(FR) China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Ministry of Water Resources


14:40-16:00  Open Discussion  

14:10-16:00  Workshop 2: Strategies and performance
Moderator: Mr. Earnán Cléirigh, Vice Chair of POVNET, Ireland
Rapporteur: Ms Mao Xiaojing, CAITEC, MOFCOM, China

14:10-14:55  Presentations
1. The Role and Performance of Rural Poverty Reduction Policies in China
Speaker: Dr. Huang Chengwei, (EN) &(FR) Deputy Director General, International Poverty Reduction Center in China
2. How agriculture, food security and rural development have contributed to poverty reduction
Speaker: Prof Wang Sangui, (EN) & (FR) Renmin University of China
3. The Relevance of China’s large scale poverty reduction based on agriculture growth and rural development to Africa
Speaker: Mr. Bruno Losch, Senior Economist, AFTAR, the World Bank

14:55-16:00  Open Discussion

14:10-16:00  Workshop 3: The role of finance and investment, technology and international cooperation
Moderator: Dr. Mokhtar FALL, Ministry of Rural Development, Mauritania
Rapporteur: Dr. Yan Wang, Coordinator, China-DAC Study Group
14:10-14:40  Presentations
1. How China’s agriculture and rural development are financed and what role of investment played in China’s Agricultural and Rural Development
Speaker: Prof. Yang Qiulin, (EN) & (FR)  China Agricultural University
2. Technology innovation in China’s agricultural and rural development
Speaker: Prof. Zhang Lubiao (EN) &(FR), DG of International Cooperation of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences

14:40-16:00  Open Discussion

16:00 – 16:20 Tea & Coffee

16:20 – 18:00  Plenary Session
Chair: Mr. Peter Craig-McQuaide, Head of Unit, DG Development, EU
16:20 – 16:50  Report from each parallel workshop


Workshop 1: Policies and their implementation
Rapporteur: Michael Laird, OECD
Workshop 2: Strategies and performance
Rapporteur: Mao Xiaojing, CAITEC, MOFCOM, China
Workshop 3: the role of finance and investment, technology and international cooperation
Rapporteur: Yan Wang, Coordinator, China-DAC Study Group

16:50 – 17:40  Open Discussion


17:40-18:00  Summary of the discussion on Day 1

Prof Li Xiaoyun, Dean of the College of Humanities and Development, China Agricultural University and Director of the China-DAC Study Group and
Mr. Richard Carey, Co-Chair, China-DAC Study Group, OECD

19:00 – 20:30 Cocktail

 

Session 2: Supporting agriculture, food security and rural development in Africa and increasing their impact on sustainable growth and poverty reduction


China has a relatively long history of supporting agricultural development in Africa, having provided its first food assistance to Guinea in 1959. Since 2000, agriculture has emerged as one of the top priorities of China’s development co-operation in Africa. Agriculture and food security gained the focuses of the strategic agenda of China’s offers to Africa during FOCAC meeting concluded in Nov. 2009. China’s support for agricultural development in Africa has diversified into technical assistance - via multilateral mechanisms such as with FAO’s South-to-South programme and through bilateral agreements with different African countries – and institutional capacity development including China-Africa Agricultural Technology Centres and technical training for African technicians in China. China’s fields of engagement have expanded into land development, crop production, livestock farm machinery and food processing. In addition, China’s economic co-operation with Africa also supports agricultural development through the provision of concessional loans and private investment.


OECD-DAC members and other development assistance agencies also have a long history of supporting Africa’s agricultural and rural development. Africa’s agricultural market and its research and development capacity have been influenced by the donor community. It is consequently natural to ask what lessons China can draw from this international experience, especially to accelerate Africa’s growth and poverty reduction. For its part, China’s own experience and engagement in Africa provides an alternative development model for consideration.

Day 2 of the program shall facilitate a discussion about how both China’s and other development assistance agencies’ engagement in Africa’s agricultural development can best contribute to Africa’s growth and poverty reduction. The session will:
Review the policies and strategies China has developed to support Africa’s agricultural development and their replicability across Africa.
Review the development assistance policy from other development assistance agencies on Africa’s agricultural development.
Highlight the impacts of those interventions on African countries’ growth and poverty reduction.
Explore the modalities of strengthening trilateral co-operation between China, development assistance and African countries.


09:00-09:10  Chair: Mr. Richard Carey, Co-Chair, China-DAC Study Group, OECD
Moderator: Prof. Deborah Brautigam, Professor, American University
Introduction: Reflection on Day 1 and Objectives for Day 2
Introductory statement by: Mr Philip Karp, Regional Coordinator, East Asia & Pacific, World Bank Institute

9:10-10:00  Keynote Presentations
1. Development Cooperation between Development Agencies and Africa in the Field of Agricultural and Rural Development: Key Lessons
Speaker: Prof. Helmut Asche, (EN) & (FR) Managing Director of Institute for African Studies, Leipzig University
2. China’s agricultural development and economic cooperation with Africa: key policies and lessons
Speaker: Mr. Xue Hong, (EN) & (FR) CAITEC, MOFCOM, China
3. Donor’s Perspective on Africa’s Agriculture and Rural Development,

Speaker: Mr. Jean-Yves Grosclaude, Director of Operations, AfD

10:00-10:30  Tea and Coffee

10:30-11:00  Comments and Discussions
Commentators:
1. Different African perspectives – Feedback from the Global Development Learning Network session, Ms Rosebud Buruku, Policy Advisor,, Africa Center for Economic Transformation (ACET)
2. Mr.Josué Dioné, Director, Food Security and Sustainable Development Division, UN Economic Commission of Africa (UNECA)
3. Dr. Andre Bationo, Director for West Africa Office and Sr. Program Officer, Soil Health Program, AGRA

11:00-12:00  Open Discussion (Speakers and Discussants)


12:00 - 13:30: Lunch

13:30 - 15:30 Parallel Workshops: Africa’s agricultural development and poverty reduction includingthe contribution of international assistance

13:30- 13:40  Parallel Workshops (Plenary)
Introduction by Prof Li Anshan, Institute of Afro-Asian Studies, Peking University
--Objectives of the parallel sessions  10 min


13:40-14:25  Presentations
1. Modalities and performances of China’s agricultural engagement and development cooperation with Africa
Speaker: Ms Li Jiali, (EN) & (FR) Ministry of Agriculture, China
2. China’s Aid and Agricultural Engagement in Africa
Speaker:Prof. Deborah Brautigam, (EN)  Professor, American University
3. Increasing the impact of agriculture on growth and poverty reduction
Speaker: Mr. Peter Bieler, (EN) & (FR) Senior Policy Analyst, Development Co-operation Directorate, OECD

14:25-15:30  Open Discussion

13:40-15:30  Workshop 2: The private sector’s contribution
Moderator: Mr. William Nicol, Head of Poverty and Growth Division, Development Cooperation, OECD
Rapporteur: Mr. Adama Coulibaly, Conseiller Technique, Ministry of Agriculture, Mali


13:40-14:40  Presentations
1. China’s aid, trade and investment in Africa
Speakers: Mr. Jean-Raphael Chaponniere and Zheng Qi, (EN) & (FR) AfD
2. Foreign investment in Africa’s agricultural: The case of sugarcane in Mali
Speaker: (from La Société sucrière du Kala – Sukala) Mr. Feng Sheyong, (EN) &(FR) Representative in Mali, China Light Industrial Corporation for Foreign Economic and Technical Cooperation
3. The support by new international development assistance agencies to Africa’s agricultural Development
Speaker: Mr. Steven Davis, (EN) & (FR)  the Gates Foundation
4. The role of the private sector investment in agricultural and rural development
Speaker: Amb. Idrop Phillip, Upland Rice Millers. Co.Ltd, Uganda; and former Ambassador to China

 
14:40-15:30  Open Discussion 

13:40-15:30  Workshop 3: Key issues looking ahead: Innovation, climate change and population growth
Moderator: Mr. Naohiro Kitano, Director General, JICA
Rapporteur: Mr.James Keeley, International Institute for Environment and Development in Ethiopia

13:40-14:40  Presentations
1. Emerging issues for rural development in Africa
Speaker:Mr.Jean-Jacques Gabas, (EN) Agricultural Research for Development (CIRAD)
2. Why China and the East Asia need agricultural development in Africa? Possible PPP for that purpose
Speaker: Dr. Katsumi Hirano, (EN) & (FR) Director General, Area Studies Center, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization
3. Africa’s agricultural development potential from the Chinese perspective
Speaker: Prof. Qi Gupo, (EN) & (FR) College of Humanities and Development, China Agricultural University
4. The Emerging Evergreen Agriculture and climate change issues
Speaker: Dr. Antoine Kalinganire, (EN) & (FR) Global Research Project Leader, International Center for Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF-Mali)


14:40-15:30  Open Discussion


15:30 – 15:50: Tea & Coffee


15:50-17:15  Workshop Summary (Plenary)
Chair: Mr.Adolf Kloke-Lesch, Director, Strategy Centre for New Partnerships for Global Development, GTZ

15:50-16:20  Report from each parallel workshop


Workshop 1: The contribution of development co-operation
Rapporteur: Richard Schiere, Senior Economist, African Development Bank
Workshop 2: The private sector’s contribution
Rapporteur: Adama Coulibaly, Conseiller Technique, Ministry of Agriculture, Mali
Workshop 3: Looking ahead: Innovation, climate change and population growth Rapporteur: James Keeley, iied


16:20-17:15  Open Discussion


17:15 – 18:00  Closing Ceremony
Chair: Mr. Michel REVEYRAND de MENTHON, French Ambassador to Mali

17:20-17:40  Summary of the Event
1. Prof Li Xiaoyun, Dean of the College of Humanities and Development, China Agricultural University and Director of the China-DAC Study Group and
2. Mr. Richard Carey, Co-Chair, China-DAC Study Group, OECD  10 min
10 min
17:40-18:00  Closing Remarks and Press Conference
1. Mme DIALLO Madeleine BA, Malian Minister of Livestock and Fishery
2. Dr. Huang Chengwei, Deputy Director General, International Poverty Reduction Center in China  10 min each